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Types of Gaitas

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LuifeSpain
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Types of Gaitas

Post by LuifeSpain » Wed Apr 22, 2009 9:48 am

TraI have rescued this text from Chiff & Fipple Forum:

Also is interesting to know that in the past, there wasn´t an only type of Galician Gaita. In the past you can find differents types of Gaitas in the differents regions of Galicia. For Example:

Pontevedra: You will find B flat and B natural bagpipes with a bass drone and a double-reed drone playing the fifth with loud volume (it´s called "Ronquillo", "Chillon" or "Pieiro"). The chanters have big dimensions and closed-fingering. Quite similar to Scottish chanters.
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This is the Chillón

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Inz3ue0L ... re=related Anton Varela plays a reconstruction of these bagpipes

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y_hKTBev ... re=related Pablo Carpintero plays a really old Pontevedra Bagpipe.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hHMowXG3 ... annel_page

Arzúa and Melide: You will find D and E flat bagpipes with three drones: a bass drone, a tenor drone and a double-reed drone playing the fifth (Ronquillo). Tenor drone and Ronquillo drone are fitted in a common stock with a " V " form, called "Galleto".
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Baixo Miño: You will find sweet voiced bagpipes in B or C pitch, with a bass drone and tenor drone fitted in a common stock. It´s common to find "bellows-blow" bagpipes here, so the bagpipers can sing and play more easily.
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A Fonsagrada: C or D bagpipes with Open or Half-closed fingering, only one drone. The interpretative style uses second-octave notes like in the Asturian Tradition. In Fonsagrada you can find one Man, Jose Marentes, that can do really silences in Gaita while the drones are still sound.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cinh-wizPTw


A Limia: C or D bagpipes with Open fingering with only one drone. Very particular style of making cuts with the three fingers of the left hands.
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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4N44E9bD7_4 Here you can hear Pablo Carpintero making the three finger cuts.


You can see that we can´t find a "Traditional Model", only we can find "Traditional Models".

It´s very curious that the "Pseudo-Scottish Gaita for Bands" is not a complete modern invent. You can find some examples in the past of bagpipers who had an instrument with all drones in the "scottish style". But there aren´t a representative fact, only anecdotal cases.

Great Pipers from Galicia:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CqkXa-w9_WI Manuel Viqueira (He plays a closed fingering like Old Melide pipers)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p9iHAjArmiY Juanjo Fernandez (The Pechado (closed fingering) Man)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jG1uk9LdbXo Xavier Blanco (the Cane Bagpipe Man :P )

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finngaitero
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Re: Types of Gaitas

Post by finngaitero » Thu Apr 23, 2009 7:31 am

There seems to be bellowsblown model too, quite rare with among gaita players perhaps.Any soundfiles of that available?

LuifeSpain
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Re: Types of Gaitas

Post by LuifeSpain » Thu Apr 23, 2009 8:04 am

I have a program Tv where the Bellows-Bagpipe or "Gaita de Barquin" appears, but the sound it´s the same of a normal Gaita.

If you are interested I can try to send in a DVD, or maybe I can send it to the maker of yout future Gaita and you get all at the same time

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